Evaluation of Trastuzumab-induced early cardiac dysfunction using two-dimensional Strain Echocardiography.

Sadik Volkan Emren, Selcen Yakar Tuluce, Fatih Levent, Kamil Tuluce, Toygar Kalkan, Yasar Yildiz, Ahmet Alacacioğlu, Yüksel Kucukzeybek, Murat Akyol, Tarık Salman

Abstract


Aim: Trastuzumab, a chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of breast cancer. has been shown to induce subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction during a three to six month period as evidenced by strain echocardiographic examination without any change occurring in the ejection fraction of LV. The present study evaluated the presence of subclinical LV dysfunction using strain echocardiography 1 day and 7 days after the initiation of trastuzumab therapy. Material and methods: The patients with breast cancer receiving adjuvant trastuzumab therapy underwent 2-dimensional, tissue Doppler, and strain echocardiographic examination at baseline and 1 day and 7 days after therapy. LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS) values, and other echocardiographic parameters were calculated. Results: A total of 40 females, mean age 50±10 years, were evaluated. Of these patients, 97% received anthracycline and 73% received radiotherapy before the initiation of trastuzumab therapy. No change was observed in any of the echocardiographic parameters 1 day after the initiation of trastuzumab therapy (p>0.05). The LV ejection fraction, tissue Doppler parameters, and GCS values did not show any changes 7 days after the initiation of therapy, whereas significant decreases were observed in GLS value (19.2±4.0% vs. 17.2±3.4, p=0.001) and systolic annular velocity of the lateral LV wall (S’ velocity) (10.5±3.2 vs. 8.6±2.2, p=0.002). Conclusion: Trastuzumab therapy is associated with subclinical LV dysfunction as early as 7 days after initiation of the therapy as evidenced by the decreases in GLS value of LV and systolic annular velocity of the lateral LV wall.


Keywords


strain echocardiography; trastuzumab; cardiotoxicity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu.2013.2066.174.tzb

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