Ultrasound examination of normal liver

Alina Popescu, Ioan Sporea

Abstract


The liver is a very accessible organ to ultrasound examination due to its position, structure and dimensions; liver pathology represents an important part of ultrasound examination of the abdomen, because it is able to primarily evaluate a liver tumor, or it allows the evaluation of a case with abnormal liver tests or the evaluation of the pain of the right upper quadrant. A correct examination of the liver requires the patient’s fasting 6 to 8 hours before the examination. The examination starts with the patient laying on his back and then rotate the patient on left lateral decubitus. We use sagittal, transversal, right oblique subcostal sections for the liver examination, as well as intercostal sections. In each and every section we evaluate the homogeneity and the texture of the liver structure, the presence or the absence of focal lesions, the liver surface, and the patency of vessels: portal vein and suprahepatic veins.


Keywords


liver; correct examination; ultrasonography

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