Splenogonadal fusion evaluation using Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound and Elastography. A case report.

Sergio Grosu, Johannes Rübenthaler, Thomas Knösel, Matthias Trottmann, Julian Marcon, Dirk-Andre Clevert

Abstract


We present the case of splenogonadal fusion in a 53-year-old male patient assessed by ultrasound and MRI, confirmed by pathologic examination. In addition to B-mode and colour-coded Doppler ultrasound, shear wave elastography and CEUS were performed and are presented in detail. Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital anomaly presumably caused by an abnormal attachment of splenic tissue to the gonad during gestation. Diagnosis is challenging for clinicians and in unclear cases splenogonadal fusion might cause unnecessary orchiectomies with benign pathologic results. Ultrasound is the first-line imaging modality in the diagnosis of testicular pathologies. This case report summarizes all available modern ultrasound imagingtechnologies and highlights the possibilities for the diagnosis of splenogonadal fusion.


Keywords


ultrasound; contrast-enhanced ultrasound; shear wave elastography; splenogonadal fusion

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-1897

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