Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in gout

Chiara Scirocco, Iolanda Maria Rutigliano, Annacarla Finucci, Annamaria Iagnocco


Gout is a frequent inflammatory disease induced by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in joints and extra-articular tissues. The natural history of the disease includes four different phases: asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute attacks, intercritical phase, and chronic tophaceous gout. Imaging techniques have several applications in the diagnosis, clinical monitoring and management of the disease but particularly, musculoskeletal ultrasound is able to detect a wide set of abnormalities in gout. This review reports  the most relevant findings detectable by ultrasound and the current available data in the literature  regarding the role of musculoskeletal ultrasound in gout.


gout; monosodium urate crystals; ultrasound

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