Budd-Chiari syndrome - various etiologies and imagistic findings. A pictorial review

Laura Iliescu, Letitia Toma, Adriana Mercan-Stanciu, Mihaela Grumeza, Mihai Dodot, Teodora Isac, Simona Ioanitescu

Abstract


Budd Chiari syndrome defines an obstruction of the hepatic venous outflow. Primary causes include pro-coagulant states resulting in venous thrombosis, while secondary Budd Chiari syndrome appears in conditions associated with extrinsic compression of the hepatic veins or tumor invasion. Clinical presentation is greatly varied, from incidentally discovered asymptomatic thrombosis to fulminant liver failure due to hepatic congestion. Abdominal ultrasonography is the key diagnostic tool of Budd Chiari syndrome. This pictorial essay aims to show the ultrasonographic aspect of Budd-Chiari syndrome associated with other medical conditions (abdominal malignancy, hematologic disorders and abdominal surgery)


Keywords


Budd Chiari syndrome; malignancy; surgery; myeloproliferative syndrome

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-1921

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