Preoperative evaluation of persistent cloaca using contrast-enhanced ultrasound in an infant

Xueyun Lin, Xiaohong Xu, Yuping Yang, Jiang Wu, Xiaohui Xian, Xiaodong Chen


Persistent cloaca (PC) is the most intricate anorectal malformation. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is safe for hepatic, renal, splenic, vascular, and intracavitary assessment in children, but it is little applied for cloacal malformation. Our results demonstrate that CEUS can not only display the uterine, vagina, bladder, urethra, rectum, and rectovaginal fistula, but also measure the length of the common channel, bladder neck to the common channel, and distal urethra to the perineum. To our knowledge this may be the first report of preoperative evaluation by CEUS in an infant with PC.


persistent cloaca; anorectal malformation; contrast-enhanced ultrasound

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