Contraindications and adverse effects in abdominal imaging

Cosmin Caraiani, Bianca Petresc, Yi Dong, Christoph F. Dietrich


Ultrasound (US), computed-tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most frequently used imaging techniques in abdominal pathology. US plays a pivotal role in evaluating abdominal disease, sometimes being sufficient for a complete diagnosis and has virtually no contraindications. The usage of US contrast agents will add useful diagnostic information in both hepatic and non-hepatic pathology. CT has, over MRI, the advantage of being readily available. The usage of ionizing radiation is the main pitfall of CT. Allergies and contrast induced nephropathy in patients with an impaired renal function are the major risks of contrast media administration in CT. Its excellent tissue resolution makes MRI a very useful technique in abdominal pathology, the major contraindications being the presence of MRI “unsafe” implants and devices and the presence of metallic foreign bodies, particularly close to vital structures like the eyes or major vessels. Contrast administration in MRI is restricted in patients with renal insufficiency due to the risk of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. Allergies to MRI contrast media are rare and less important compared to allergies due to CT contrast media


ultrasound; computed-tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; contraindications; adverse effects

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