Cystic and alveolar echinococcosis of the hepatobiliary tract – the role of new imaging techniques for improved diagnosis

Christoph F Dietrich, Wiem Douira-Khomsi, Hassen Gharbi, Malay Sharma, Xin Wu Cui, Zeno Sparchez, Joachim Richter, Adnan Kabaalioğlu, Nathan S S Atkinson, Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Dong Yi


Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis (hydatid cysts) is an infection with a wide spectrum of manifestations, from symptomatic infection to fatal disease. Ultrasound (US) allows screening, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment guidance and follow-up of CE under many circumstances. Hydatid cysts are predominantly observed in the liver. Herewith we present a review to demonstrate established and innovative imaging features of CE of the hepatobiliary tract.


Tropical medicine; parasites; guidelines; contrast enhanced ultrasound; elastography

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