Measurements of buccal gingival and alveolar crest thicknesses of premolars using a noninvasive method

Meng Sun, Wei Yao, Yong Qiang Deng, Jun Cao, He Meng

Abstract


Aims: Knowledge of gingival thickness (GT) and alveolar crest thickness (ACT) is essential for performing various surgical and non-surgical procedures in oral healthcare. However, a noninvasive, no-radiation and reproducible method for measuring GT and ACT is not yet determined. This study aimed to measure the buccal GT and ACT of premolars using 15-MHz B-mode ultrasonography (US) and to explore the relationship between GT and ACT.

Material and methods: The GT in four swine mandibles was measured using15-MHz B-mode US and using K-file needles to gauge the accuracy of US. B-mode US at 15 MHz was also used to measure periodontal tissue structures including buccal GT3 (3 mm apical to the gingival margin) and ACT in 400 premolars of 50 human participants with healthy periodontium.

Results: There was a strong positive correlation between US and invasive K-file needle measurements of GT in swine mandibles (p<0.05). The correlation between buccal GT3 and ACT of premolars was moderately positive (p<0.05). The gingiva of the maxillary premolars and ACT of the maxillary first premolars were thicker in men than in women (p<0.05).

Conclusions: B-mode US at 15 MHz is a valid and reliable method for measuring GT and ACT and for evaluating their relationship.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-2525

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