Impaired right ventricular filling in patients with a chronic coronary syndrome

Alexey N Sumin, Ekaterina V Korok, Tat'ana Yu Sergeeva

Abstract


Aim: The prognostic value of right ventricle (RV) systolic dysfunction is known but the RV diastolic dysfunction (RVDD) is less investigated, thus the purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of RVDD in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and to identify factors associated with its presence.

Material and methods: We examined 200 patients with stable CAD (153 men). RV diastolic parameters were studied by echocardiography: peak velocity of early (Et) and late (At) RV fill-ing and their ratio, velocities at the tricuspid annulus (et’, a’t, s’t). Patients were divided into 2 groups: with (n=92) and without RVDD (n=108).

Results: Old myocardial infarction (MI) (p=0.007), anterior MI (p=0.001), congestive heart failure (p=0.030) and peripheral arterial disease (p=0.030) were more prevalent in patients with RVDD. The end-systolic dimensions were higher (p=0.010), while left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) (p=0.044) and the mitral E/A ratio (p<0.001) were lower in this group. No significant differences were found between the groups in the coronary artery stenosis. Independent predictors of the RVDD presence were increased age, old MI, hyperlipidemia, moderate chronic heart failure, peripheral arterial disease, and decreased LVEF.

Conclusions: The RV diastolic dysfunction is much more common than systolic dysfunction in patients with stable CAD (46% and 7.5%, respectively). The RVDD presence was predominantly associated with an increase in age and LV systolic dysfunction, but not with coronary artery lesions. The predictive value of RVDD requires further research.


Keywords


right ventricular; diastolic dysfunction; coronary artery disease

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-2747

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