Transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound for preoperative assessment of myometrial invasion in patients with endometrial cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Tatiana Costas, Rocío Belda, Juan Luis Alcazar


Aim: The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound subjective assessment (3D-TVS) in the preoperative detection of deep myometrial invasion (MI) in patients with endometrial cancer, using definitive frozen section diagnosis after surgery as the reference standard.

Material and methods: A search for studies evaluating the role of 3D-TVS for assessing myometrial invasion in endometrial cancer from January 1990 to Novem-ber 2020 was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE and Web of Science. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 evaluated the quality of the studies (QUADAS-2). All analyses were performed using MIDAS and METANDI commands.

Results: Nine studies comprising 581 women were included. The mean prevalence of deep MI was 39.8%. QUADAS as-sessment showed that most studies had a high risk for the patient selection domain. Overall, the pooled estimated sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood and negative likelihood ratio of 3D-TVS for detecting deep MI were 84% (95% CI, 73-90%), 82% (95% CI, 75-88%), 5 (95% CI, 3.1-7.1) and 0.20 95% CI, 0.11-0.35). respectively.

Conclusions: 3D-TVS has an accept-able diagnostic performance for detecting MI in women with endometrial cancer.


endometrial cancer; meta-analysis; myometrial invasion; systematic review; three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound

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