Comparison of the effects of adenosine, isoproterenol and their combinations on pulmonary transit time in rats using contrast echocardiography

Feng Su, Yun-Yan Shi, Bo Wang, Xiao-Zhi Zheng

Abstract


Aims: To compare the effects of adenosine (Ade), isoproterenol (Iso) and their combinations on pulmonary transit time (PTT) in rats using contrast echocardiography.

Material and methods: Thirty-two adult Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were divided into four groups (n=8) according the medicines of tail-intravenous injection: Group 1, control; Group 2, Ade; Group 3, Iso; Group 4, Ade+Iso. They all underwent conventional echocardiography and contrast echocardiography with measurements of PTT.

Results: With Ade injection, OnsetRV-OnsetLV PTT (PTT1), PeakRV-PeakLV PTT (PTT2) and OnsetRV-PeakLV PPT (PTT3) decreased and PTT3 had the largest decreased percentage, with the highest performance in differentiating the Ade group from the control group [the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity and Youden’s index was maximal]. With Iso injection, PTT1, PTT2 and PTT1 all increased and PTT1 had the largest increased percentage, with the highest performance in differentiating the Iso group from the control group (AUC, sensitivity and Youden’s index was maximal). With a combination injection of Ade and Iso, the PTT values were similar to the control group and no PTT could
differentiate the Ade+Iso group from the control group.

Conclusions: Ade or/and Iso exerted distinct effects on PTT. These findings remind us that it is a necessary to consider the effects of medicine (especially cardiopulmonary vasoactive drugs) on the PTT values. At the same time, it provides the basis for the clinical transformation of consecutive Iso/Ade treatment from the perspective of pulmonary circulation.


Keywords


pulmonary transit time; adenosine; isoproterenol; contrast echocardiograghy; rat

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-3088

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