Ultrasound imaging and Fascial Manipulation® for rigid retinacula in two cases of complex regional pain syndrome

Carmelo Pirri, Antonio Stecco, Carla Stecco, Levent Özçakar


Complex regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a complex disease with articulate impact on the quality of life and its management is challenging. Ultrasound imaging can identify/assess different musculoskeletal structures that might have role in its pathogenesis. We present two cases of CRSP in whom B-mode ultrasonography and sonoelastography showed rigid retinacula associated with the symptomatology. Both patients were also/successfully treated with Fascial Manipulation®.


reflex sympathetic dystrophy; ankle; fascia; sonoelastography; manual therapy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-3182


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