Evaluation of the efficacy of gastric lymphoma treated with non-surgical therapy using oral and double contrast-enhanced gastric ultrasonography

Ziwei Wen, Xuemei He, Chongqing Chen, Jing Sun, Jiangyan Yin, Tiantian Wang, Ziyu Liu, Li Wang, Nanlan Yang


Aim: To investigate the feasibility of assessing the ecacy of non-surgical treatment for gastric lymphoma using oral contrast-enhanced ultrasound (OCEUS) and double contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCEUS).

Material and methods: A total of 27 patients with gastric lymphoma treated nonoperatively were included in this retrospective study. The ecacy was evaluated using OCEUS and CT, respectively, and the results were tested for kappa concordance. Sixteen of the 27 patients underwent multiple DCEUS examinations before and after treatment. Micro-perfusion of the lesion in DCEUS is represented by the Echo Intensity Ratio (EIR), (echo intensity of the lymphoma lesion/echo intensity of the normal gastric wall), and one-way ANOVA was used to compare the differences between groups in EIR values before and after treatment.

Results: OCEUS and CT were highly consistent in assessing the efficacy of gastric lymphoma, with a Kappa value of 0.758. During a median follow-up of 8.8 months, there was no statistical difference between the complete remission rate obtained by OCEUS and that obtained by endoscopic and CT (25.93% vs. 44.44%, p=0.154; 25.93% vs. 33.33%, p=0.766). There was also no statistical difference in the time to achieve complete remission using OCEUS assessment and endoscopy and CT (4.71±1.03 months vs. 6.01±2.14 months, p=0.088; 4.47±1.84 months vs. 6.01±2.14 months p=0.143). The difference in EIR between the groups before treat-ment and after different numbers of treatments was statistically signifficant (p<0.05), and post hoc analysis revealed this dif-ference as early as after the second treatment (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Transabdominal OCEUS and CT are comparable in the assessment of gastric lymphoma treatment ecacy. DCEUS is a noninvasive, cost-effective, and widely available method for gastric lymphoma therapeutic effect evaluation. Therefore, transabdominal OCEUS and DCEUS have the potential to be used for the early assessment of the ecacy of the non-surgical treatment of gastric lymphoma


Gastric lymphoma; Ecacy evaluation; Oral contrast-enhanced ultrasound; Double contrast-enhanced ultrasound

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-4007


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