Early diagnosis of caesarean scar pregnancy by ultrasound – a novel, simple and rapid clinical classification scoring system

Xiaona Cai, Xuelian Zhu, Yaoxin Zhu, Chenying Su, Tianran Chen, Yu Zhan, Min Xue, Hui Li, Lixia Chen


Aim: In the recent years, with the increase in the caesarean section rate, the incidence of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) has shown a significant upwards trend. We propose a novel, simple and rapid clinical and ultrasound (US) classification scoring system to assist in the early diagnosis of CSP.

Material and methods: A total of 385 patients with CSP were included in the study. All patients were given a comprehensive score, iincluding clinical data (whether HCG is consistent with gestational age and vaginal bleeding) and US findings (linea a and b, gestational sac morphology, the presence of primitive cardiac tube beat, and color Doppler aspect). The scores were analysed by ROC curve analysis, and sensitivity and specificity were calculated.

Results: A score of 4 has a specificity of 91.7% and a sensitivity of 95.6% in diagnose CSP. The area under the ROC curve was 0.973.

Conclusion: This scoring system may be a reliable tool for the early diagnosis of CSP and has the characteristics of being simple and rapid. For patients with a total score of ≥4 points, CSP is suggested, and early clinical treatment can be carried out, while patients with a score of less than 4 points can temporarily retain pregnancy and be closely followed up.


Early diagnosis of CSP; Ultrasound scoring system; Ultrasonography; Transvaginal ultrasound ;Ectopic

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-4075


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