Pentalogy of Cantrell associated with exencephaly and spinal dysraphism: antenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis. Case report.

Manohar B. Kachare, Vinayak K. Patki, Sonali S. Saboo, Suresh H. Saboo, Kulbir Ahlawat, Sachin S. Saboo


The pentalogy of Cantrell, a rare syndrome, consists of the defects in the anterior diaphragm, diaphragmatic pericardium, lower sternum and supraumbilical abdominal wall, along with congenital cardiac abnormalities. Till date, only few patients with full spectrum of this syndrome have been reported with only 2 cases showing associated exencephaly and spinal dysraphism. We report extremely rare association of complete pentalogy of Cantrell syndrome with exencephaly and spinal dysraphism on antenatal sonogram and autopsy in a 18 weeks fetus of a 19 year-old primi gravida female.



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