Comments and illustrations of the WFUMB CEUS liver guidelines: Rare benign focal liver lesion, part I

Yi Dong, Wen-Ping Wang, Ehsan Safai Zadeh, Kathleen Möller, Christian Görg, Annalisa Berzigotti, Nittin Chaubal, Xin Wu Cui, Chiara De Molo, Klaus Dirks, Nathally Espinosa Montagut, Odd Helge Gilja, Alois Hollerweger, Christian Jenssen, Ernst-Michael Jung, Christoph Klinger, Adrian Lim, Vito Sansone, Andreas Schuler, Carla Serra, Zeno Sparchez, Cristoph F Dietrich


Improved detection and characterization of common focal liver lesions (FLL) are the main topics of the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB) guidelines on the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). On stateof-the-art CEUS imaging, to create a library of rare FLL, especially concerning their atypical imaging characteristics, might be helpful for improving clinical diagnostic efficiency. In this review, we aim to summarize the ultrasound and CEUS features of rare benign FLL. Currently there are limited reports and images published.


Focal liver lesions (FLL); ultrasound; contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS); detection; guidelines

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