Utility of uterine artery Doppler ultrasound imaging in predicting preeclampsia during pregnancy: a meta-analysis

Li Cao, Biyuan He, Yuqing Zhou, Tiantian Chen, Yihui Gao, Bingyi Yao


Aims: Accurate prediction of preeclampsia could improve maternal outcomes. However, the role of uterine artery Doppler ultrasound in predicting preeclampsia remains unclear.

Materials and methods: We comprehensively searched several electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, covering studies published from the time of database creation to September 23, 2023. Studies on the predictive value of uterine artery Doppler ultrasound for preeclampsia were included. The primary pregnancy outcome was preeclampsia. The risk of bias was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 scoring scale.

Results: The use of resistance index (RI) for predicting preeclampsia demonstrated the highest sensitivity of 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.30–0.94) and specificity of 0.90 (95% CI, 0.72–0.97), with a pooled area under the curve value of 0.91 (95% CI, 0.88–0.93). The use of pulsatility index (PI) for predicting preeclampsia showed a sensitivity of 0.65 (95% CI, 0.45–0.81) and specificity of 0.88 (95% CI, 0.77–0.94). Furthermore, preeclampsia prediction via notching showed a sensitivity of 0.54 (95% CI, 0.38–0.68) and specificity of 0.89 (95% CI, 0.79–0.95).

Conclusions: These findings highlight the varying predictive performance of different preeclampsia indices. PI and RI demonstrated moderate-to-high sensitivity and specificity, whereas notching exhibited relatively lower sensitivity but comparable specificity. Further research and validation are warranted to consolidate these results and enhance the accuracy of preeclampsia prediction.


preeclampsia; Doppler ultrasound; uterine artery; meta-analysis

Full Text:


Supplementary file

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-4355


  • There are currently no refbacks.