Ultrasound of the hand and wrist in rheumatology

Violeta Vlad, Mihaela C. Micu, Francesco Porta, Goran Radunovic, Rodina Nestorova, Tzvetanka Petranova, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Annamaria Iagnocco


Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography (US) is nowadays widely used for clinical grounds and for research purposes in rheumatology. US of the hand and wrist has recently developed due to the technological improvement and use of new, high resolution transducers. US is currently improving clinical examination of the rheumatic hand and wrist and it is commonly used as daily practice by many rheumatologists. The number of publications addressing this area of US scanning has grown exponentially over the last few years. The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on US of the hand and wrist in rheumatology, including US scanning techniques, as well as normal and pathological findings.


hand; wrist; ultrasound; anatomy; pathology

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